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Bat Guano Among The Best Natural Fertilisers

Bat guano refers to fossilised manure that has been deposited by cave bats over centuries. Traditionally, the droppings of sea birds and bats were used as phosphate fertiliser but have only just started a come back because of other benefits. The term comes from the Quichua language of South America, where this substance has been in use for many years, especially in the ancient Andean civilizations. The Andean people have been using this organic manure for more than 1000 years. In fact, it is interesting to note that the ancient Inca had strict regulations for collecting the bird droppings and there was death punishment for anyone found disturbing the birds.

If you can overcome your inhibitions about using the manure of bats as nutrition for your garden, then you have in your hand a
bat-guano-granulesgreat source for enriching the soil. There are several species of bats and only the droppings from insect and fruit eating species are used as manure. The droppings from the insect eating bats are richer in nitrogen concentration than the fruit eating bats. Therefore, while you are purchasing it is good to inquire about the species of bats from which the manure has been derived or better still, you read the chemical composition of the manure which is written on the final packaging of the fertiliser.

The guano is harvested deep inside caves where the bats dwell. It is necessary to get the bat guano from the cave dwelling bats as the droppings of tree dweller bats are less effective to be used as manure. Inside the caves, the droppings are protected from sunlight, wind and water, which is not the case for outdoor droppings.

The chemical ingredients of bat guano include nitrogen, calcium phosphorus, potassium and trace elements. The droppings can be used while fresh and also while it has been dried. In both ways it is equally beneficial for the soil. You can also make guano tea then add the liquid fertiliser to the soil. Making guano tea is quite simple and many farmers prefer to use it as it seeps deep into the soil and improves the root health of the plants. To make the tea all you have to do is to soak it over night and in the morning filter the supernate water, which is called the tea. The wet sediments are also further used as manure.

Main reasons why the bat droppings are a suitable fertiliser alternative:

  • The bat droppings have a high percentage of nitrogen compare to sea bird guano. The other components of the manure include phosphorus, calcium and potassium. The higher nitrogen level promotes fast growth for plants. The phosphorus concentration aids in flower and roots development. Potassium is important to ensure overall growth of the plant.
  • The droppings are also useful to improve soil quality as mixing it with soil improved the texture and drainage system of the soil. The guano can be used both to enrich soil quality and also during active plant growth.
  • It is also great as a compost activator and they can be used to speed up the decomposition process, which again adds to the overall quality of the soil.
  • Bat guano contains microbes that boost plant health.
  • It is easy to use as it does not have a pungent odour like horse manure or cow dung.

It is a better alternative than chemical fertiliser and it has slow and fast release components. With the use of this natural manure you can avoid all harmful effects of chemical fertiliser. It will not only provide your plants a better environment for growth, but also enrich your soil long term.

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BBC Story – Petrol Possible from Water Plus Air?

Most of these stories are complete garbage but this one is from the BBC so has a little more credibility. Most use more energy than they produce and never seem to be able to escape this major short coming. It may still be possible to create specialised fuels that are economically viable which may naturally lead to a breakthrough in other areas so they get a mention by me. Get Adobe Flash player

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Eliminate Poverty

Libertarians often get criticized that we are greedy and selfish. This is often miss guided as those making these comments are often greedy themselves eg. unwilling to share what they have with those in 3rd world countries. We often say “world aid is taking form the poor in rich counties and giving to the rich in poor countries” so how do we really help?28012012191

1/ Break down all tariffs. Poor farmers have no chance of competing and even go broke because of subsidised imports.

2/ Stop funding overseas governments. Often gets funnelled into other areas eg. military weapons. Even foreign food aid is diverted. The the amounts that are not diverted it builds dependency which isn’t good for both parties (what if the USA goes broke or the receiving country doesn’t adjust?)

3/ Teach them to fish. In this century the best way to get out of poverty is education with capitalism. Most of us live in Western counties where we are given these opportunities but most of the world isn’t. Foreign aid doesn’t always work (see above) but smaller personalised aid does work. The best I have seen is . Students are selected and then pay back the loan with interest so the money can then be recycled back for future students. Is costs $300 per year for one student but any donation will be accepted.

BioStim Pty Ltd is supporting this project at one student for 4 years (university degree). I hope others can consider it also as it will be great to be part of self funding aid that lasts forever.

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Free to Choose Complete TV Series

This is one of the best TV series ever made. Gives you a easy to understanding of economics and how it effects our world.

Free To Choose – Updated 1990 Series
Volume 1 – The Power of the Market
Volume 2 – The Tyranny of Control
Volume 3 – Freedom & Prosperity
Volume 4 – The Failure of Socialism
Volume 5 – Created Equal

Free To Choose – Original 1980 Series
Volume 1 – The Power of the Market
Volume 2 – The Tyranny of Control
Volume 3 – Anatomy of Crisis
Volume 4 – From Cradle to Grave
Volume 5 – Created Equal
Volume 6 – What’s Wrong with our Schools
Volume 7 – Who Protects the Consumer?
Volume 8 – Who Protects the Worker
Volume 9 – How to Cure Inflation
Volume 10 – How to Stay Free

You can watch the lot at

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The Organic Fraud – Why Chemical Free is Not Enough

Have you ever wondered why organic flour doesnʼt rise properly? Why your vegetables rot in the fridge in record time? Why
03022012451_1apples sometimes have brown rot in the centre or show a collapsed structure when cut open in two? Why broccoli or carrots split or worse when they are bitter to taste?

To shed light on these difficult questions, Adam Willson, Director of Soil Systems Australia, was recently invited to speak at Biofach Shanghai – the worlds largest annual Organic Expo. His talk titled “High Yielding Organic Production – why chemical free is not enough” was presented to a packed room of over 300 delegates.

“The organic consumer is now asking the hard questions that the industry has refused to deal with over the last 10-15 years. Why am I paying a premium for food that isnʼt top quality? In the past the organic consumer shrugged his/her shoulder and accepted that this was all part of the organic image. Now it is not the case, they want value for money. They are voting with their feet and moving away from organic towards natural products.”

“The interesting fact is the organic industry was founded on two important principles, the first being building soil humus and the second remineralisation of the soil. Both of these principles are not audited under the certification process, they seem to be optional extras that come second to record keeping and being chemical free. Very few organic auditors actually check or know how to check to see if the soil is humifying (a process where the organic matter in the soil is directed to break down to form stable soil humus) and whether minerals are being replaced. The only check in the audit is whether you have had a soil test. When I reviewed the annual farm audits at Australian Certified Organic (ACO) I constantly observed something that still hasnʼt changed, “less than 5% of the organic farms remineralise, build soil humus or apply soil building practices like green manure cropping or on-farm produced compost. What is frightening is the ACO 2010 Standards (Sections 4.11 to 4.13) clearly outlines the need for these practices to be implemented but unfortunately they are not. What we are seeing is a watering down of the standards leading to poorer and poorer quality food that isnʼt being monitored. It is a dilution of the organic brand and dangerous for business”.

“Despite this lack of understanding about the foundation principles of organic farming, the certification bodies and organic industry at large use misleading data to promote the health benefits of organic food. The industry constantly uses research data from UK, Europe or North America that shows how organic food has many health benefits. Upon closer examination, it becomes evident that this data cannot be used here in Australia. The northern hemisphere soils were developed during the last ice age (around 15,000 years old) whereas our soils are millions of years old. We have up to 100 times less minerals in our soils which means organic food grown here is highly depleted and using this research is bordering on fraudulent”.

“There is no research here in Australia on the mineral levels, vitamins and amino acid levels of organic food. And yet, evidence is mounting that many degenerative and auto immune diseases occur when there are deficiencies in these critical nutrients. The role organic farming could play in providing the building blocks for optimal health is huge. You canʼt provide this with just chemical free food. Deficiencies in trace elements and essential nutrients lead to bitter flavours, split vegetables and poor quality protein in grains and legumes. Poor quality protein due to declining amino acid levels and amino acid balance is one reason why cooking and baking quality of organic grains is so variable. Wheat protein levels should be above 12-14%, not the usual 10-11% we are seeing from many producers. This also puts enormous pressure on poultry producers when they try to source quality grain. In addition, the methionine levels in our grains are pathetic and this is linked to trace element deficiency. It is all about soil nutrition and this is specific to each soil type. It should be a mandatory part of each organic audit to test the nutritional levels in the produce and publish this through the organic network. It sets a benchmark that can be improved upon each year giving confidence to the sector”. “Food production has been pushed out of our best soils onto ever increasing marginal farming country. The spread of urbanisation, mining and now coal seam gas highlights the need for organic production to address soil building practices. Buying an organically allowed input is not the complete answer and is often suboptimal; each soil type has differing mineral levels and these are often best chelated in a quality on-farm produced compost. If producers donʼt attend to the basics of nutrition it will lead to more and more consumers moving away from certified organic food to natural food products. It is happening already, this blur between natural and organic – just look at Woolworths Macro label”.

“The industry has been historically swept up with the self-adulatory fever of being chemical-free. The organic industry is more interested in whether a quality assurance system is in place and the product is wrapped up in plastic ready for the retail outlet. Rarely does the industry promote farmers who harvest the day before a farmers market – fresh in vitamins and amino acids. They prefer the supermarket model where fresh means up to 15 days old all the way to more than 12 months (apples). The industry was founded on fresh whole food but now we are having organic junk food. When you process food it becomes junk, critical enzymes and organic compounds are lost – no wonder degenerative diseases like diabetes and arthritis are out of control. The body is lacking the building blocks, fresh nutrient dense food. We need to return to local food production and fresh is always best. If certifiers are going to do something useful maybe they should make producers say when the product was harvested. Let the consumer judge what is fresh”.

“This is a serious subject that requires action by the both certifiers and producers if they wish to protect the organic brand. In Section 4 of the ACO Standards it states that Organic production systems are guided by the following principles and outcomes: • Production of naturally safe, high quality, nutritionally vital foods. How can this be if we donʼt test for quality. Does this mean that every producer is potentially breaching the standards?”.

“What we need is a targeted approach to marketing the benefits of quality organic food. First food should be audited for quality every 1-3 years and compared to conventional food. Second, new growers should at least undergo education on organic farming practices and the links to nutrition. A Diploma of Organic Farming run by TAFE is one such example. Lastly consumers must be linked to this process through surveys comparing taste, flavours and aromas”.

Adam Willson is the director of Soil Systems Australia

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This is a great book that is out of copyright.

A New and Rational System of Land Fertilisation and Physical Regeneration

By Dr. Julius Hensel

Table of Contents

Stone Meal as a Fertiliser
Stone Meal Manure

Contributions from Hensel’s Followers
Stone Meal Stone Fertilising
Letter to Mr. Schmitt
Letter by Mr. K. Utermohlen
The Stone Meal of Dr. Hensel
About Stone Meal Manure
What help can be given to the Hard-Pressed Farmers
The Rheinischer Courier-June 6, 1893
The Rheinischer Courier-June 29, 1893
The Neus Mannheimer Volkblatt
Iron Slag
Neus Mannheimer Volksblatt
Wiesbadener General Anzeiger
Meeting of Farmers and Friends of Agriculture Assembled on June 25, 1893

Stone Meal Fertilization from Viewpoint of Agricultural Chemistry
A Chapter for Chemists
Stone Meal as a Tobacco Fertilizer

Downlaod here.

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Real Sea Salt

Once upon a time, salt was expensive and disputes were even fought over it. Salt was in such demand, and was so valuable, such salt became a commodity, with it becoming as valuable as gold. At other times, it was minted into coins so that it could be used anywhere and at any place. Because of this craving for salt, from the rich to the poor, even empires tried to control this huge market, with taxes, wars, riots, and sometimes even revolutions.

Not only do salt bring a wondrous and rich flavour to food, it also provides humans, balance in cells and tissues. Salt also helps us with a normal amount of blood, and is the formation of fibres while also playing a important part in our digestion, and correct heart beat. The sodium (often confused with salt itself) regulates the blood and is responsible for correct muscles. Through those reasons, salt is a very important part to our heath. Salt also offers cures, because of it’s healing agent, which is why nowadays, salt is also used to eliminate dead skin and increate circulation.

What you have in the kitchen is probably conventional salt, while real mineral salt is organic, real, natural salt, that differs from normal salt, because of it’s incredible minerals and trace elements inside, that was meant by nature. While most salts are salt, most of them don’t end up very similar. After the salt is created through processing and drying, a lot of foreign chemicals are added into the mix, then to further contaminate the salt, it is bleached to help produce free flowing salt. This is why real organic salt is the solution, because natural always the best. Another benefit of using natural mineral salt is because of the flavour, that is just fantastic! Because Natural sea salt is hand harvested, and dried with the sun, it takes nutrients and flavour to new levels!